Monday, December 15, 2014

How to enable Remote Management TP-Link TL-WR1043ND

If you want to be able to remote your wireless router TP-Link TL-WR1043ND the 300M wireless N Gigabit router through WAN port, so you can manage the router from other/difference place.

• Login to your TP-Link TL-WR1043ND router
• Go to Security menu
• Choose Remote Management
• Input the port for Web Management port, in example I choose 8080
• Input the IP Address in to  Remote Management IP Address, choose to make enable all IP address.

See figure, click on it for enlarging

Setting for remote management TP-Link TL-WR1043ND

Saturday, December 13, 2014

VCenter ESX V5.5 Login Error

Incorrect username or password in VCenter V5.5.

If you were use VMware vCenter Server V4 and now you are starting to use V5.5 vCenter server to manage newer VMWare ESX Vsphere, first you will get the error when login, it will say incorrect username or password, because for new vCenter the format for inserting your username is different from V4 vCenter, in the new vCenter for local username you have to use format: user@vsphere.local

Saturday, December 6, 2014

How To Reset Admin Password Eva P6300 Storage

Forgot admin password for Eva P6000, P6300.

If you lost the admin password for HP Eva storage P6300 and P6000 family the only way to solve is using hard reset. reset through management module.

See at the back of Eva storageworks controller unit, you can see the Reset button on the Management module.

Sunday, November 23, 2014

How to set email send time in outlook 2010

In Microsoft Outlook you can set schedule or delay time for delivering the email after you click Send button. the email will be in the outbox depend on setting time you are already made.

Compose the new email, setting delay time, and then Send the email.
In Microsoft Outlook 2010 to set delay delivery  email follow steps below :

• Compose/create New Email
• Go to Options tab
• Choose Delay Delivery

How to Tune a Guitar Easiest Way

If you are  beginner who learn a guitar (or even you are an expert) on each guitar string must be in the right tone when it will be used. To make your guitar is on the right  standard tone on each string you need a guitar tuner.
There are so many guitar tuners device and software in the market or on the Internet,  but if you have smartphone that use Android or iOs, I recommend you to install the free App called GuitarTuna, the extremely fast, easy and professional accuracy guitar tuner.

Reason to use GuitarTuna:
 It is Free
 Easy to use, it tells you if tone is too low or too high
 Professional accuracy.

GuitarTuna uses the speaker of your smartphone to generate the tone/sound , and uses the Microphone of your smartphone for detect whether your guitar string sound is too low, too high or already ok.

 Go to App Store on your iPhone or Play Store on your Android then search for app with keyword: GuitarTuna, and install it.
 After installed, run the App
 Put your smartphone at the front of your guitar

Sunday, November 2, 2014

Go to Bios Setting VMWare Workstation

On the Guest Operating system / VM  (Virtual machine) in VMWare Workstation , if you want to go to BIOS setting menu or want to set boot priority, etc, by pressing ESC key, F2 key, etc,  usually you will not be able to reach it,  because the process is too fast.

To be able to enter  Bios setting,You can do by setting delay time before the system launch the operating system

You must set the Configuration file (vmx file) of the Virtual Machine.
Open VMX file using Notepad then add the following code:
bios.bootdelay = "5000" and then Save it.

Saturday, October 25, 2014

How to Setup Gmail in Windows 8 mail

To set Gmail and others (yahoo mail , etc) in Windows 8 or Windows 8.1, first you must have Microsoft account and you have to add it in your Windows mail.
If you don't have, you can register at,, or

The steps :
In Windows 8 or 8.1, choose Mail

Add your Microsoft account if not already

Saturday, October 4, 2014

How to Set IP Address in DocuPrint CM405DF Printer

DocuPrint CM405DF Printer from Fuji Xerox is Multifunction Printer (print, scan, copy, fax), that support network / LAN connection. This type connection needs an ip address (internet protocol) set inside the machine.
If you have DHCP server, after connecting to the network you can change the IP Address through internet browser on the computer. If you don't have DHCP server or you want to set manually directly from the printer, you can do through touch screen panel  at front of DocuPrint CM405DF.
DocuPrint CM 405DF
To set IP address Docuprint CM405DF directly from the printer (not from computer) follow the steps below :

Sunday, September 28, 2014

How to Activate Administrator Account in Windows 8.1

Default setting for  the Administrator account in Windows 7 and Windows 8 are disable, to use this administrator account you have to set it to enable first.

In Windows 8.1 you will not see the user and group folder from Computer Management menu. So you can't activate administrator account from Computer Management menu.

The way to active administrator account in Windows 8.1 :

• Run Command Prompt as administrator
From Metro UI (if you are on Desktop, press Windows logo on the keyboard to move or toggle between Desktop and Metro UI (User interface), then Write cmd, it will automatically search for Command Prompt.
After you see the Command Prompt,  right click on it and choose Run as administrator.

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Add License Key to VMware ESXi 5

Last week when I would like to activate the VMware ESXi 5  license through vSphere client, I was confused because I didn't know where the menu location for entering the license key.

I found it after take a long time look for.

To enter the license key for VMware ESX 5 using Vsphere client :

Select ESX host 
Go to  Configuration tab
Inside Software section, choose Licensed Features
At the right of page you will see the Edit..., click it

Saturday, September 6, 2014

Divide Hard Disk Windows 8

Generally when you buy a new notebook or desktop computer, it has only one  local harddisk drive letter, usually it will be the C drive only.

If you want to have new drive letter for example D or E without adding new physical harddisk, you can do by shrink the volume of C drive and make new partition for new drive.

Same as in Windows 7, to divide the partition and create a new volume in Windows 8, you can do easily without  using additional software/application.

• From the Desktop, select File Explorer, then right click at Computer
• Then click Manage.

Monday, September 1, 2014

How to Set Recovery Mode on iPhone

Recovery Mode on iPhone is needed when you want to set your iPhone to factory default setting using iTunes.

To enter to the Recovery Mode on iPhone :

• Turn off the iPhone,
(Press and hold power/sleep button for about 4 seconds, then touch and slide from left to right on slide to power off that appearing on the screen). Wait until the iPhone is really off.

• After the iPhone is off, Press and hold Home Button,
• Still hold the Home button, connect iPhone to Computer using iPhone data cable ( holding the Home Button until Recovery Mode appears on the screen).

Saturday, August 30, 2014

Using PC Keyboard for Android Device

When you have to write many words in your Android device, computer tablet or Smartphone, it will be easier and faster if using external keyboard, you can use the computer (PC) keyboard.

USB keyboard is used for Android Tablet

Sunday, August 10, 2014

How to Restore Mikrotik Configuration

Restore Mikrotik

To restore configuration of Mikrotik router board from the backup file :
• Open Winbox
• Login to your mikrotik using Admin privilege  
• Go to Files menu
• Select the backup file. If the backup file is not in the list (other location/drive or flashdisk), you need to copy and paste the backup file to this window.

How to Backup Mikrotik Configuration

Backup Mikrotik Setting

It is very important to get the backup configuration for your Mikrotik router board. The backup file configuration will be needed when your mikrotik router board has error on it's configuration, or want to clone the configuration to other Mikrotik router board.

To Backup Mikrotik router board configuration :

1. Open Winbox.
2. Login to your Mikrotik (use admin/full group member).
3. Go to Files menu.
4. To start backup, click Backup.

Sunday, July 20, 2014

Download Picture From iPhone Without iTunes

Usually to access data on an iPhone (and others iOS) you need iTunes installed on the computer. But you can also use other ways (not use iTunes) to access or download data from iPhone/iPad.

There are many Apps can be used for accessing the iPhone/iPad data, one is Wifi Photo Transfer special app for downloading photo/picture from iPhone/iPad to other devices, to computer, Android device, etc those have  internet browser and wifi connection.

Connect iPhone/iPad and the computer or other devices to the same wifi (same SSID/name)
Install Wifi Photo Transfer App on the iPhone/iPad
Access the iPhone/iPad using browser from other devices (computer, Android, iOS, etc )
Browse and download the Pictures.

Sunday, July 13, 2014

How to Work Offline in Chrome

Offline Browsing in Google Chrome 

You can re-open the pages of a website or blog that have been previously opened without an internet connection using work offline mode. This is very helpful when your internet connection is limited (not always available), by way of opening pages of the website when the computer / laptop connected to the internet, and then re-open/read when not connected to the Internet.

In the Google Chrome browser to enable offline work mode :
Write (or copy & paste) the following code to the address bar
then press Enter.

Thursday, July 3, 2014

Cannot connect to the real

If your browser couldn't open the Google page, and get the warning like this : Cannot connect to the real That means the SSL has an error

One of the reasons is maybe the time of your computer is not correct, you can check the time located in the right side of the taskbar (for Windows), it usually gets the old/past year, then you can  correct the year, month, date, hour, min to  solve the problem.

The time is not correct maybe because of CMOS battery is low,  so if you shutdown your computer, it will not be able to store the data (in the BIOS). Change the battery with new one.

Friday, June 27, 2014

How To Show Android Name in My Tablet / Smartphone

In the Android device, Computer tablet or smartphone, when you go to About device /About phone from the Setting menu, you will see the version of Android, only the version, not the name of Android like : Honeycomb,  Ice Cream Sandwich, etc.
How to show the Android  Name ?

There is a secret way to show  the Android  name.
Go to Setting menu and choose About phone or About device, you will see the Android version

Saturday, June 21, 2014

How to Repair Broken Button Blackberry 8520 8530

If you still have old Blackberry Curve 8520 or 8530, generally you will get the problem around the buttons, volume button, shortcut button, at left and right side of your Blackberry, the rubber or plastic of the buttons are damaged because of life time of usage.

Damaged button of Blackberry 8520/8530
If the main function is still good, and you still want to use it, you can repair this blackberry by change the chassis.

Friday, June 6, 2014

How to know iPhone 4 or 4S Quickly

Between iPhone 4 and 4S look like the same, somewhat difficult to distinguish each other visually from the outside physically.

To know quickly which one  iPhone 4 and which one  iPhone 4S from outside physically, visually :

Look at iPhone from upside
See the figure below :

Easy way to know iPhone 4 or 4S
You can see the difference position of line/stripe of each iPhone.

Wednesday, June 4, 2014

How to Remote Windows using iPhone

You can do Remote Desktop Windows computer using your iPhone. Although the screen is small in the iPhone but you still be possible to work on it, because you can use zoom in  to make the area bigger.

The requirement to make possible remote your Windows computer using your iPhone :

1. The Windows computer (desktop, laptop or netbook) and the iPhone must be connected to the same Wi-fi (the same wifi SSID). It means the computer and the iPhone connect to the same network.
2. On the Windows computer must be enabled  the Remote access and set permission for remote user.
3. If the Windows firewall is active, it should be add the exception for remote desktop access, or turn off the firewall.
4. You have to know the IP Address (Internet Protocol address) and the computer name
5. On the iPhone you must  install The Remote Desktop Windows application  that can be downloaded from the App Store.

Friday, May 30, 2014

Only one speaker works in my iPhone 4 / 4S, why ?

If you have an iPhone 4 or 4S, try to play any music or sound, then use finger or thumb  to block the speaker hole located at the bottom of your iPhone, then you will find only one speaker will work, the right speaker side. not work for the left side.

Only one speaker works,  is it problem with your iPhone?
The answer is not problem, because although the shape and looks the same as speaker, located at  the left side is not a speaker, it is a microphone.

Tuesday, May 27, 2014

How to Resize Windows 8 Icons

You can make larger or smaller the icons on the desktop or on the metro user interface in Windows 8.

Change size of icons on Windows 8 Desktop :
Use the mouse
Select all or some of icons
Press and hold  Ctrl/Control key, then use scroll on the mouse to resize the icons.

Select some or all icons using mouse

Saturday, May 24, 2014

How To Grab Screen on iPhone Without Additional App

To grab or take a screen shot or capture in iPhone is by use the home and power/lock keys. It affects to iPhone that uses iOS 2.0 or higher. Whatever your iPhone device, 3G, 3GS, 4, 4S or 5, you can use this trick without additional application.

How to capture :
Open the screen you want to take a screenshot

Thursday, May 15, 2014

Enter to Safe Mode Samsung Galaxy S5

To find out the problem on Smartphone Samsung Galaxy S5 you can get into the Safe mode. In Safe Mode, Apps/applications those you installed (third-party Apps) will not show up or will disable, only Samsung Galaxy S5 default Apps will be active.

To Enter Safemode Samsung Galaxy S5 :

• When the Galaxy S5 is on, press and hold the power button, then it will display the Device options.
• Touch/tap and hold  the Power Off option, will appear Reboot to safe mode tap OK. The smartphone  then will restart and go into Safe Mode.

Saturday, May 10, 2014

How to Know Who are Connecting to Remote Desktop Windows 2008

Easy way to know the people or users those connected to the Windows Server 2008 Remote Desktop, is through the Windows Task Manager.

• Go to Task Manager. One of the ways to go to Windows Task Manager is by Right-click on the toolbar area (see picture) then choose Start Task Manager

Right-click to get the Task Manager menu

Wednesday, May 7, 2014

Ctrl Alt Del for Windows Remote Desktop

In the Windows Remote Desktop (RDP)  If you want to send Ctrl+Alt+Del (Control, Alternate, Delete) keys from keyboard to the remote computer (in order to get to the task manager, switch user, change password, lock computer, etc), you cannot use Ctrl+Alt+Del keys, because it is not sent to the remote computer, it affect to the local computer, not to remote computer.

To send Ctrl+Alt+Del to the remote computer in Windows Remote Desktop, use combination of these keys :
Ctrl+Alt+End for RDP

Friday, May 2, 2014

How to Solve Application Blocked by Security Setting

In the web application that use Java, (like on the HP Integrated Lights-Out (iLO) ) some cases have a problem and get the warning Application Blocked by Security Setting.

If you are sure there is no security problem with the web application that you want to access, you can set the security level to Medium in Java Control Panel.

You can Access Java Control Panel from Start Menu, or Windows Control Panel.
Choose Configure Java then Java Control Panel will appear

Easy Way to Find Installed App in Android

If you have many installed apps in your Android, the problem is when you want to launch an app, you have to see one by one the icon for the app you want to play from the list of apps, it will take the time.

The easier way to go to the app that you want to play/launch in Android is by using Google search menu (not from internet browser).

For Android smartphone (generally) push the Home button, then will display the home screen where you can see the Google search.

Tuesday, April 29, 2014

How to Grab / Capture Screen in Samsung Galaxy S without Additional App

To make screenshot in your Samsung Galaxy S4 or S5 smartphone, you can do without any additional Apps.
You can grab or capture the screen using 3 buttons, Volume decrease, Power, and Home by pressing those buttons at the same time.
Grab the screen in Samsung Galaxy S5 by pressing Home, Vol down, and power buttons at the same time

Sunday, April 27, 2014

When my Android lost or stolen

Same as iPhone or iPad, when you forget where you put your Android device, Android smartphone or Android computer tablet (tab), you can send instruction to the device to generate the ringing, knowing the location, send password to lock the device, send message, or if you are sure the device is already stolen, you can erase the device remotely to avoid they use your data.

To access  the device and send the instruction, you can use: computer, smartphone, tablet computer, etc, through the Internet using  the address:  
use your Gmail Account to set the Android device, and to sign-in to the Android device manager.

In order to make possible this feature, in the Android device, smartphone or tablet  you have to enable the Access location feature and enable allow remotely setting on Android Device Manager menu.

Setting the Android Device, (Smartphone or Computer Tablet)
(In the example below , I use Android 4.4 Kitkat, for other Android is  not too different )

Thursday, April 17, 2014

How to Set Language in Samsung Galaxy S5

In Samsung Galaxy S5 (also other devices) if you lost your language and  want  to set it back to your language or you want to set to another language, then you have to go to the Language setting menu.

If  you don't understand the existing language, you can do by seeing  the icon of each step as I will show below.

To go to the language setting menu in Samsung Galaxy S5 (also for other devices using Android 4.4/ Kitkat) :

1. From main display, choose and tap/click the Apps icon

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Solution for Electric Power for Notebook in Car

No problem if you are using a laptop/notebook inside the car when battery status of the notebook/laptop is going to low (lowbat), because you can get the electric power source from the car battery, through the car cigarette lighter socket/terminal.
To get 220VAC electric power source  from 12V DC(car battery) You must have  12V to 220V inverter. In the figure I use 200 watt inverter to drive my laptop adaptor.

Saturday, April 5, 2014

Solution for Sound Card Problem

Ever have problem with hardware of your computer audio?. Audio or sound is produced by Sound card in the computer.
If sound card of your computer is damage, before repair it, alternatively you can do this solution with simple, no need to open the cover of computer/CPU case, no need to change/replace the old sound card. You just connect/plug a small USB Sound card into USB port of your computer or notebook.

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Convert Date to The Day in Ms Excel

In the computer it is easy to know what day of the date given. Open the time and date setting and change the date, month, and year that you want to know, and then the day will appear.

In this post I will tell you how to show the day of the date given in Microsoft Excel.

• Open Microsoft Excel
• Give the name for rows, example : Date and Day 
• B2 cell will display name of day automatically depends the value of B1 cell (day,month,year)
so at B2 column we write :  =b1 then hit Enter key

Sunday, March 30, 2014

Setting VPN Windows 8

To set or configure VPN client in Windows 8 :
• From Desktop screen,  go to Taskbar, right-click on the Network icon, then click Open Network and Sharing Center.
The Network and Sharing Center window will appear

• Choose Set up a new connection network

• Choose Connect to a workplace

Thursday, March 27, 2014

How to forward email to external address in Exchange 2007

In the Exchange 2007 there is no problem if you want to forward email to another email address in the internal, use forward to, and choose the target internal mail address. (in mail flow settings tab, delivery options).
But if you want to forward to the external email address, you can't set it directly, you will not be able to write the external email address, the column is grey. you can only use browse menu, and choose internal mail address or group already listed.

Monday, March 24, 2014

Use Mouse on Android Tablet

How to connect Mouse to Android device.

You can use mouse on your Android tablet computer as well as on  PC computer or laptop.

There are some apps in Android that I think required to use the mouse, like Windows Remote Desktop Computer App, remote computer using Android, it will need a mouse because All Windows applications need a mouse.

Sunday, March 16, 2014

Run CMD as Administrator Windows 8

For everything related to the system in Windows 8 must run as administrator.

To run CMD or Command as administrator in Windows 8:

How to View My Google Account Activities

Google has facility to view the recent activities, where each user will be able to see his/her recent activities (log in/sign in) in the last few months, when and where.
With this facility, you (Google user) can immediately take action, for example to change password immediately if the data is not in accordance with your activity, time or location.

• Log in with  your Google account
• Open the following address :

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Entering Safe Mode Windows 8

To enter to Safe Mode in Windows is by repeatedly pressing the F8 key as soon as after the computer is turned on before loading Windows.
But for Windows 8, the function of F8 key to get into Startup Settings to go to Safemode is not enabled by default, so you will not be able to go to safe mode, if the setting is still disable.

To activate the F8 key in order to get into safe mode:
• Go to Command Prompt as Administrator
(Click Start, then in the Search box, type cmd, and then press  CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER)

Friday, March 7, 2014

How to Remove from Mozilla Firefox comes to your browser usually from downloading/installing free program. It will change your default search engine and homepage of your browser.

To remove from Mozilla Firefox :

Uninstall programs from your Windows
• Go to Control Panel--> Programs and Features
• Look for Search us com and uninstall it

Saturday, March 1, 2014

Emergency Charger HP Battery AA

There are many products of emergency charger for HP(hand phone) using AA battery, but generally they don't have enough current to charge the battery if you use handphone or smartphone that use bigger mAh in battery.

For example the product like this picture will not work for blackberry, because it doesn't have enough electric current for charging blackberry battery.
has limit /smal electric current 

Friday, February 28, 2014

Running Android Apps on PC

There are many ways to run Android applications on the computer / notebook. You can use  Android emulator, Android-x86 installer, Android on Intel Architecture, and the easiest way in my opinion to run Android Apps  is by using  the BlueStacks.

With BlueStacks you can easily run your favorite Android apps on your computer. BlueStacks can be installed on computer using  Windows or Mac OSX.

Saturday, February 22, 2014

Adjust Youtube Playback Speed

You can adjust  Youtube video playback speed to be slow or fast motion.
Click on the setting icon located in the lower right corner of the Youtube player, then select the speed you want.

But the problem is may be you don't see the Speed ​​menu  at your Youtube player.

Thursday, February 20, 2014

How to repair pst file in Outlook 2010

PST (Personal Storage Table) files, or also called Personal Folders File is a file extension used by Microsoft Outlook to store email data  in a local computer, personal folder or archive folder.

If you get your pst file in error so you can't open your email inside that personal/archive folder, you can try to repair/fix  that PST file using internal tool  from microsoft outlook , the tool is :  Scanpst.exe.

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

How To Show Email Header Outlook 2010

How to View Email Headers in Outlook 2010 ?

Email headers contain detail information about the email  received, sender, recipient, subject, time of delivery, time of receipt, ip addresses or domains, etc..

If you want to know the headers of  email that you received in Microsoft Outlook 2010

. Open the email that you want to know the header

Saturday, February 8, 2014

How To Set VPN Client in Android

To connect to your office network from home or other places, you can use VPN (Virtual Private Network) connection. Most of the operating systems at this moment have capability to be used as a VPN client device.

In the Android to set VPN client,
• Go to Setting
• In the wireless and network menu, tap more
• Tap VPN

Wednesday, January 29, 2014

How to Know Android MAC Address

Every Network interface device that use TCP/IP protocol (NIC or WNIC) will have a MAC address (Media Access Control address) on it.
By knowing the MAC address of a computer, tablet computer, smartphones, etc, you can set the access such as whether the device is allowed or not to access your network (eg wifi).

To know MAC address on the Android device :
(In the following example, I  use Android 4.3 Jelly Bean)

1. Go to  Settings menu

Saturday, January 25, 2014

How To Set VPN Client on Mac

VPN is acronym for Virtual Private Network. It allows the users  to securely access to their Local Area Network or company's intranet from their home or while traveling outside the office.

To set VPN client with PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol) method on your Mac Computer (MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, iMac, Mac Pro) follow the steps below:

1. Click on Network Icon
2. Choose Open Network Preferences

Tuesday, January 21, 2014

How to Remote Desktop Windows Using Mac

When you are using an Apple computer ( MacBook , MacBook Pro , MacBook Air , iMac )
and then also you have to work with a Windows computer, do not worry, you don't need two computers on your desk, because on Mac computer you can install the  Windows Remote Desktop.

The requirements to be able to perform a Remote Desktop Windows on a Mac :
• Allow Remote Desktop must be enabled on the Windows computer
• Each computer (Windows and Mac) must be connected to the same network , for example connect to the same wifi SSID ( Service Set Identifier / wireless name ), or connected to the LAN
• You have to know the IP address ( Internet Protocol ) of the Windows computer
• On Mac computers should be installed Remote Desktop Application,

Saturday, January 18, 2014

Get Notification When IP Devices Down

If you have devices, server, cctv , etc that connected to the internet using Public IP (Internet Protocol), you can monitor and get notification via SMS or email when those devices have no response, so you can determine to solve the problem quickly.

On Internet there are many providers give  notification service, one is
If you need this service you can register at address above. you can  choose paid or free service.
For free service the address is

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

Quick Access to Taskbar In Windows 7 Windows 8

To move or toggle quickly from one application to another  in Windows is by using the Alt + Tab. Before you can do this, you need to open the program/application first (the application must be already opened).

But if you put the application in the taskbar, you will be able to toggle the application using keyboard shortcut, even if the application still not be opened. Use shortcut Windows key + number (0-9). The number means : applications that are in the order of the taskbar viewed from left. See the figure.

Sunday, January 12, 2014

How to Put Application to the Taskbar in Windows 8

Windows 8 uses modern style (Windows 8-style UI /Metro Interface), but for many applications we still need the taskbar from desktop screen.

Windows taskbar

To insert application shortcut to the taskbar (pin to taskbar) :
• Go to Windows 8-style UI (Metro interface) by pressing the Windows key on the keyboard,
• Type the application that you want to add to the taskbar, for example, I will  add Ms Paint  to the taskbar. Type paint, once it appears right click on it, then the Pin to Taskbar menu will appear at the bottom, click to select.

Tuesday, January 7, 2014

How to Know IP Address in Windows 8

When your  computer  connected to a network, use LAN cable or use wireless (wifi), it has an IP (Internet Protocol) address.

There are two ways to find out the IP address on a Windows computer, through the Command (DOS) or go to the network connection menu.

Here is to know the IP address in Windows 8 via Network connection icon at the lower right corner (Icon differ between connection via wifi, cable and modem)